How does it feel?
The taste is both bitter and sweet. It is less bitter than its cousin, Chrysanthemum indicum.
All around the world the actions of traditional medicines were understood by their immediate sensory impacts. Click on each of Chrysanthemum’s key qualities below to learn more:
What can I use it for?
Chrysanthemum has been included in traditional medicines for a variety of conditions. If there is inflammation around the eye of any type, Chrysanthemum may help. This may express as dryness, itchiness, and redness found in conditions like conjunctivitis and eczema. Traditionally, a poultice of the flowers or a powder was used for this purpose.
Chrysanthemum tea may also help reduce fevers in cases of infection. Sore throats may also be relieved. It is also considered to help reduce stress, which may accompany or precede low immunity that leads to an infection.
Into the heart of Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum was recorded in The Divine Farmer’s Classic Material Medica (Shen’ong Bencaojing), attesting to thousands of years of medicinal use.
Chrysanthemum is native to several parts of Asia. It is widely cultivated for medicine in China, along the Yangzi River. Tong Xiang City is known as the City of Chrysanthemums and produces 4000-5000 tonnes of Chrysanthemum flowers each year, which counts for approximately 90% of China’s supply.
Other related species are also used for medicine. Chrysanthemum indicum is used in Chinese herbal medicine for similar applications. Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) and tansy (Tanacetum vulgare) are used in Western herbal medicine.
There are several compound prescriptions containing Chrysanthemum in the Chinese tradition, but the flowers themselves are also brewed as tea or infused in wine. The white variety has been used as a wine infusion for nervous conditions, while the yellow variety is used for heat-clearing and detoxification.
The tea of the yellow flowers has been used to alleviate fevers, colds, sore throats, various ophthalmic conditions, vertigo and hypertension. It is also believed to improve eyesight. A poultice or the powdered herb has been used in cases of sore eyes, skin infections, sores, boils, and acne.
What practitioners say
Respiratory system: As the medicine of the flowers is diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory, Chrysanthemum may be used in any infection that features a fever. As Chrysanthemum is antiseptic, it also may be used in acute respiratory infections and sore throats, especially where there are headaches and malaise.
Eyes: Chrysanthemum flowers are a specific remedy for the eyes. They may be used in any condition that expresses with inflammatory symptoms such as swelling, itching, and redness. Examples of conditions that would be appropriate to be treated with Chrysanthemum are conjunctivitis and eczema.
Nervous system: Chrysanthemum may be used in cases of stress with hypertension. This may express in headaches, insomnia, or dizziness for the person. The traditional view of Chrysanthemum’s energetics support its use in clearing the heat of anger.
Digestive system: Due to the bitter taste of the flowers, Chrysanthemum supports digestion by increasing liver function and the excretion of bile.
Traditional sweet chrysanthemum tea
- 50g Chrysanthemum flower
- 250g Honey
- Cover Chrysanthemum flowers with 200ml of water in a pot and simmer for 20 minutes.
- Let cool till it is warm, then discard the flowers and add the honey.
- Drink as desired.
No known drug-herb interactions
Contraindicated in pregnancy: Leaves and flowers may cause skin irritation topically
Western herbal medicine actions are:
There are very few clinical trials that investigate the safety and efficacy of Chrysanthemum. The majority of the research has been in vitro, or animal study.
In vitro and in vivo studies have reported hypolipidemic and hypoglycaemic effects. The extract lowered LDL cholesterol, and inhibited lipid synthesis. It also promoted the partial recovery of islet β-cells. Chrysanthemum is also a source of antioxidants. It is this property that was suggested to be responsible for the protective effects against ischemic stroke observed in a clinical trial.
An extract of a cultivar of Chrysanthemum morifolium was observed to reduce NO production in an LPS-induced cell line, which demonstrated an anti-inflammatory effect of the herb. The researchers concluded that this was due to the flavonoid content of the plant.
The volatile oils in Chrysanthemum have been found to be antimicrobial against a number of microbes. These include Escheria coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enteritidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillis subtilis, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Chrysanthemum may also have anticancer properties due to the inhibition of the proliferation of tumour cells in vitro.
To see the references used in this summary check our downloadable Expert Herbal Reality Resource pdf
Preparation: The flowers themselves are also brewed as tea or infused in wine.
A poultice or the powdered herb can also be used for various skin conditions listed in “Traditional Use”.
A 1:3 45% tincture is also used
Parts used: Flowers
Dosage: 3-9g dried herb per day. 5-15ml 1:5 25% tincture per day.
- Alkaloids: stachydrine, chrysathemin
- Volatile oil: camphor, borneol, chrysanthenone
- Triterpene alcohols: helianol, β-dictyopterol, chrysanthediol A, chrysanthedi-acetate B,
- Sesquiterpene lactones
- Flavonoids: apigenin, luteolin
- Betaine, choline, vitamin B