Commiphora mukul – Resin (Burseraceae)
Common name: Indian bedellium (E), Indian myrrh (E), Guggul (H)
Sanskrit: Guggulu, Devadhoopa
Haritaki is described as the ‘remover of diseases’. Hara is also the name of Lord Shiva, thus reflecting the sacred nature and exalted position of the plant but it literally means ‘green’ like the fruit. It is also ‘Abhaya’ or ‘fearless’ of any disease. It is said to have originated when a drop of immortal nectar (amrita) fell from heaven to earth. It is considered to be the best herb for the digestive system and lungs.
Guggul is a small thorny tree that grows in dry, arid areas and is native to India. The tree exudes a resinous sap out of incisions in the bark. It is this resin that is known as ‘guggul’. On an annual basis, each plant will produce between 0.5–1kg of resin which is collected for medicinal purposes. According to the Bhavaprakasha there are five varieties. The dark brown (mahishaksha) and yellow brown (kanaka) Guggulu varieties are preferred for their medicinal values.
How it Works
Guggul contains resin, volatile oils and gums as its primary constituents. Guggul contains one particular component which is the steroid guggulsterone. It is this particular compound that is responsible for the plants ability to lower LDL (low density lipoprotein) based cholesterols and to lower levels of blood based triglycerides. This herb also demonstrates antioxidant activity which provides particular protection for the blood vessels against the onset of conditions such as atherosclerosis. Consequently, this herb is often used in weight maintenance programmes and to improve digestive metabolism.
Into the Heart of Guggul
Guggul has a very specific ability to support the body’s natural ability to metabolise and process fat and is traditionally used to help reduce excessive levels of cholesterol and fat in the blood stream. Its ability to enhance digestive metabolism has made guggul particularly popular in weight management programmes where individuals are trying to loose excess weight. The impact of guggul upon metabolism means that it has the ability to support other organs highly dependent upon an efficient metabolism, such as the thyroid.
Guggul will effectively ‘scrape-out’ any toxic accumulations within the body, indicating it in any condition characterised by accumulation such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, arthritis, endometriosis and generalised inflammation.
Guggul also possesses particularly strong anti-inflammatory and anti-infective components that make it excellent at treating any form of infection characterised by pain and inflammation. Guggul has displayed particular effectiveness in dental and skin infections.
Cholesterol: Guggul reduces cholesterol (LDL) and prevents accumulation. It has a property that ‘scrapes’ deposits from the channels, joints and tissues. Guggulu is a specific herb for obesity and excessive weight; this works via its ability to enhance thyroid function and regulation of fat metabolism.
Arthritis: Guggul displays strong anti-inflammatory and detoxifying action, with a particular affinity for arthritic pain and swelling.
Heart: Guggul is indicated in ischaemic heart disease, angina and congestive heart failure. It increases the blood flow, reduces blood clots and clears atherosclerosis. It scrapes toxic deposits and accumulations from the body.
Gynaecology: It can clear endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome and clots, through reducing all accumulations of the lower abdomen. It also regulates the cycle and is a strong emmenagogue.
Skin: Guggul can be used to treat skin inflammations. Clinical trials have proven efficacy in acne as opposed to antibiotic treatment. It is used in stubborn skin lesions that are chronic, ‘stuck’ and resistant to other treatments. It also benefits general inflammations of the mucus membranes throughout the body, mouth ulcers and lung infections. It helps to regenerate tissue granulation and enhance healing; clears tumours, dead tissue and reduces lipomas.
Infections: Guggul has the ability to increase the white blood cell count, which helps to clear infections, reduce sore throats and promote the immune response.
Bones: The resinous characteristics of guggul, traditionally indicated it in the healing of bone based fractures and the healing of deep-seated wounds.
Cancer: Guggul can be effectively used to reduce all growths and accumulations in the body, including tumours.